Background & Context
In early 2013, floods hit Mozambique with devastating impact: over 100,000 people were displaced, with 50,000 seeking refuge in temporary shelters in the worst-hit districts of Chokwe and Guija. An estimated 117,822 hectares of food crops were destroyed, along with irrigation, infrastructure, and equipment vital to people’s livelihoods. The concept of livelihoods refers to the capabilities, material and social assets, and activities required to sustain a means of living. Any kind of disaster destroys agricultural, livestock, fishing, and food assets, as well as processing infrastructure and production capacity. Disasters interrupt market access, trade and food supply, reduce income, deplete savings and erode people’s ability to pursue economic security. After initial emergency actions, post disaster recovery and rehabilitation turns to “building back better,” helping the most vulnerable people get back on their feet.
Objectives and purpose of the documentation activity
The objective of this assignment was to produce a report and video on the best practices, lessons learned and challenges for livelihoods recovery interventions supported by UNDP at different levels of government and the community. This included a written narrative report and a 20-minute video. The main focus of the content was to compile best practices since the inception of the LHR project and report lessons learned in a visual and simple way that celebrates achievements, and helps to highlight gaps that remain – with a view to guiding efforts moving forward.
Overview - UNDP DRR Livelihood Recovery Project
In response to the devastating floods that hit Mozambique from January to February 2013, UNDP Mozambique launched a two year project to support disaster risk resilient livelihoods recovery of flood-affected communities in Gaza province. In close partnership with National Institute for Disaster Management (INGC) at national, provincial and district levels, local government institutions, affected communities and where possible the private sector, the project sought to restore an enabling environment for flood-affected communities in Gaza province to recover from the impact of the floods and “build back better.” The project outline set out 3 three interlinked outputs as follows, with special focus on the most vulnerable –women, children, and those living will illness.
1. Disaster resilient livelihoods and economic opportunities for the flood-affected people in Gaza Province restored and improved
2. Capacity of local authorities and communities’ livelihoods recovery strengthened
3. Coordination of livelihoods recovery by Early Recovery Cluster strengthened.
A total of twenty (20) vulnerable communities were identified within the four (4) districts the project targeted (Chibuto, Xai-Xai, Chókwè, and Guijá) at the initial project phase. Vulnerability was determined by the criteria on the project document. In order to determine the situation of these communities before project implementation began, a baseline study was conducted. The baseline study focused on issues related to the project activities such as food security, agricultural practices and losses etc.