Disaster Risk Reduction Manual
As part of the International Organisation for Migration (Maputo) Disaster Risk Reduction and Preparedness communications portfolio, CMFD is working with the IOM and partners to produce a training manual to build radio stations’ capacity to produce relevant and engaging broadcasts around disaster risk reduction. The project will also include conducting two trainings with community stations using this manual, in the Gaza and Zambezia provinces. Media is a key source of up to date information for many people during natural disasters and emergencies; by equipping community broadcasters with both knowledge and skills to communicate vital DRR information to their listeners, the project will help to build individuals and communities’ ability to cope with disasters.
The activity will build on research and lessons learned in the production of the Bravos do Zambeze serial radio drama, especially related to key information and messages that radios need to communicate. Beyond serving as a tool for early warning, greater access to community radio in the Zambeze Valley and Limpopo Valley serves to strengthen communities’ preparedness and response to disaster risks by providing a resource for education, information and open community dialogue.
Research/ literature review - The first step is to research international radio manuals covering Early Warning Systems and flood disaster risk reduction journalism and broadcasting, as well as research and compile information concerning past manuals and personnel used by UNESCO, ICS and other radio training partners. This literature and resource review will help to identify good practices in DRR journalism, as well as identify gaps in existing local resources that the new manual can fill. Appropriate resources available locally can also be used to complement the manual. For example, some existing audio resources may be used as examples of good practice in the manual to help inspire creative coverage of DRR.
Training modules - The DRR manual will be packaged to allow for new modules to be added on issues such as drought, cyclones, and other disasters and health related topics over the course of the project. The manual will be designed so that it can be used by trainers or as self-study; it will be designed to be a user-friendly reference so that it becomes a handy tool for broadcasters to use on an ongoing basis. Each module will include: background information on the issue; sources and contacts; ideas for community radio programming; case studies of how other radio stations or communities have approached this topic; and trainers notes.
- General radio broadcasting & monitoring-The initial module will be a broad overview of broadcast and production basics in the context of DRR, as well as strategies for monitoring and evaluating. Ideas for programming will be included in all of the modules, however this first module will serve as an overview of how DRR can be integrated in various kinds of programming before, during, and after disasters.
- Early Warning Systems (EWS) - This module will focus on providing broadcasters with information they need to know about early warning systems so that they are able communicate this to their listeners. It will also include raising their awareness about the need to inform their listeners about warning systems long before a disaster happens. The manual will highlight how to communicate such information in a way that is engaging for listeners.
- Pre, during and post flood journalism - This module will focus specifically on what broadcasters can do before, during, and after a flood. It will build significantly on research and lessons learned in the production of Bravos do Zambeze, as well as the training that took place in Caia. This module may cover: community preparedness; communicating climate change; local solution; and community participation.
The workshops - Using the above-mentioned training manuals, two workshops will be held, one for the 4 radio stations in Gaza and the other for the 6 radio stations based in the Zambeze Valley. These workshops will be directly based on the trainers notes found in each module, so that those participating may also use the same module to conduct training in their own stations. This will be very important as we are striving for a broad awareness of DRR in stations, so that this information can be integrated into various aspects of programming. This 5-day workshop would be designed to build capacity and technical skills of broadcasters to produce DRR programming, and also use the manual to train their colleagues.